Bed bugs are little insects that tend to live on the blood of humans or other animals. They live in your furniture or other areas in your home and then come out at night and bite you to feed on your blood. These bugs do not have wings so they have to rely on other animals and mediums to travel from one place to another.
They can come into your home through your luggage or clothing. They can even reside in infested second hand furniture and then spread in your home. They multiply rapidly thus making it easy for them to spread in your home and other areas in your building if you live in an apartment. The bedbugs do not feed every night thus you do not suspect an infection even when you see a bite mark.
This makes it harder for people to notice an infection soon which in turn gives time to the bed bugs to grow in numbers. The following article gives you the description of bed bugs, their bites, how to identify a bedbug bite and how to prevent bed bug bites.
Bedbugs are an infestation of tiny bugs which can lead to serious infection in humans. Though bedbug bites rarely become fatal they may lead to serious problems if not checked at time. They are reddish brown in colour and almost the size of an apple seed. Hence they are not usually visible to the normal observer.
They lack wings hence they cannot travel great distances at one time however they can multiply really fast. This makes it easier for them to survive for longer periods in a place and then migrate to nearby areas. The Female Bedbugs can lay up to hundreds of eggs over a lifetime and the eggs look like dust as they are very minute in size.
Bed bugs can lead to a serious problem in your home if they are not removed immediately. Bedbug bites can be extremely itchy which can cause frequent bleeding due to scratching. Thus they can become filled with pus and can lead to serious infections.
What Do Bed bug Bites Look Like
Bedbug Bites look like small red spots in various patterns. Usually bedbugs bite continuously thus leaving various patterns. The features of Bed bug Bites are given below.
- Fresh bites appear red and swollen and a dark spot in the middle of each bite. You can mistake them for a hive initially.
- They may be arranged in groups of lines and clusters.
- Bites will mostly be present on areas exposed during the nights such as your face, your arms and feet.
- They will be extremely itchy and will give off a burning sensation.
- They may become fluid filled blisters and can even bleed when scratched.
- They can also become infected with other infections when they are scratched over and over again.
How to Differentiate Bedbug Bites from Other Bites
People can often mistake bed bug bites for other bites and thus prolonging the diagnosis of bedbug bites and infestation. They are small red spots and thus can mimic flea bites or even fresh mosquito bites. The table below can help you identify the differences between a bedbug bite, flea bites and mosquito bites.
|Criteria||Bed bug Bites||Flea Bites||Mosquito Bites|
|Size||Many Big Bites||Many Small Bites||Few Big Bites|
|Area of Location||Usually Abdomen and Upper Body||Usually Ankles or Lower Body||Anywhere on Your Body|
|Pattern||Grouped Together to Form a Zig Zag Pattern or a Line||Grouped Together They May Form a Pattern||There Is No Specific Pattern|
How to Check Your Home For Bedbugs
Bedbugs are usually active at night and they hide during the day in various spots in your home. You will not be able to find the bedbugs themselves but you will be able to find their droppings, their eggs or spots of blood in their residing areas. If you think that there is an infestation of bedbugs in your home then you should check the following areas of your home to find them.
- Walls, Cracks and crevices in your household space.
- Your secondhand furniture
- If you have recently travelled then you should also check your luggage.
- Your bed mattress, bed frames, bed springs and your pillows.
- Your electrical circuits and peeling wallpapers.
- Any ducts and ventilators in your home.
- Check all your furniture if someone has recently visited your home as they could have brought the bedbugs with them.
How To Treat Bedbug Bites At Home
In most cases bedbug bites tend to heal within one and two weeks after their appearance. However if they are not healing on their own then you can try the following methods to treat them at home.
- You can buy an over the counter steroid cream to decrease the inflammation of the bites which will also help you to relieve the pain and itching.
- You can also take an oral antihistamine to relieve the burning sensation of the bug bites.
- You can also apply a cold towel or an ice cube in a towel over the affected area to decrease the inflammation and to relax the affected areas.
- To decrease the itching without any medication, you can also apply a paste of baking soda and water over the affected areas.
- If this does not work then you can go to a doctor and have them prescribe you a stronger antihistamine drug in order to relieve your symptoms.
How To Prevent Bedbug Bites
You can prevent a bedbug infestation in your house by following the steps given below so that you do not suffer from bedbug bites.
- Clean your bedsheets and pillow covers often and change them regularly.
- If your house has been infected with bed bugs then you will have to steam clean your bedsheets and all the linen in your home.
- If you have travelled recently then ensure that you clean your clothing thoroughly before putting it back in its place.
- Ensure that your clothing has not mixed with any other person’s clothing and that it was not shared by anyone.
- Check all your second hand furniture for the signs of bedbug infestation before bringing it in your home.
- Vacuum the surrounding area of your bedside frequently to prevent any growth of the bedbugs.
FAQs Related to Bedbug Bites
Bedbug Bites look like small red spots in various patterns. They appear red and swollen and a dark spot in the middle of each bite.
You will be able to spot dark brown spots and dust-like eggs in your bed and around your home which indicate a fresh infection of bedbugs.
To treat a bedbug bite at home, you can apply a cold towel or an ice cube in a towel over the affected area to decrease the inflammation and to relax the affected areas.